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Health & Social Care level 2 & 3 Forum W&P Care Training Forums / Health & Social Care level 2 & 3 Forum /

My answers to level 2 section 026

Author jmarkie77
Forums Member
#1 | Posted: 14 Jan 2012 22:39
Implement person centred approaches in Health and Social Care.

Understand person centred approaches for care and support

Person centred values is a theory developed by Carl Rogers that trusted the innate tendency (known as the actualising tendency) of human beings to find fulfilment of their personal potentials. An important part of this theory is that in a particular psychological environment, the fulfilment of personal potentials includes sociability, the need to be with other human beings and a desire to know and be known by other people. It also includes being open to experience, being trusting and trustworthy, being curious about the world and being creative and compassionate.
It is important to work in a way that embeds person centred values so that a person feels free from threat, both physically and psychologically. This environment could be achieved when being in a relationship with a person who was deeply understanding (empathic), accepting (having unconditional positive regard) and genuine (congruent).
Risk taking can be part of a person centred approach as we would choose to use positive and informed risk taking which would involve building a positive view of the individual, and seeking to learn what a persons gifts and skills are and what people admire about them. In person centred thinking we also explore the consequences of not taking the risk so that these may be balanced against the consequences of taking the risk.
Using an individuals care plan contributes to working in a person centred way as this would be constructed by the client with the support of the care worker so that the client has full control over their recovery, instead of the support plan being constructed by the care worker whereby the client feels as if they have no control of their recovery.

Work in a person centred way

In order to find out the history, preferences, wishes and needs of an individual I would refer to any previous files held with regards to that person, as well as discussing directly with the client what the preferenes etc. of that person are.
I use person centred values in everyday working as I am an extremely empathic, accepting and congruent person.

Establishing consent when providing care or support

Informed consent is important to establish when providing care or support so that the client is fully aware of their responsibilities, any actions that will be taken and the consequences of either taking or not taking a particular action or decision. In UK case law it has been established that consent must be given by a person with mental ability to do so, sufficient information should be given to the individual and they should not be coerced into giving consent, if these are not met then consent is considered to be invalid.
The process of establishing informed consent will vary according to individuals assessed capacity to consent.
If informed consent can not be readily established then we must abide by the individuals wishes after explaining fully the consequences of not consenting to a certain action. If a person is mentally incapable of providing their consent then we must refer to any care or support plan or legal documentation that may have been established whilst they were capable of making an informed decision. If none of these are available then consent can be given by their next of kin, but we must involve the individual in the process as much as possible. We do however have a 'duty of care' to a person, if the persons health and safety is at an immediate risk then certain actions can be taken in order to prevent any immediate risk to that person.

Encourage active participation

Active participation benefits an individual as it recognises an individuals right to participate in the activities and relationships of everyday life as independently as possible. The individual is regarded as an active participant in their own care and support rather than a passive recipient.
Possible barriers to active participation may include, amongst others, the mental or physical disability of an individual.

Support the individuals right to make choices

I would support an individual to make informed choices by giving the individual full information with regards to the positive and negative effects of any decisions they make and respect their wish to make that decision. I would use agreed risk assessment processes so that the client was fully aware of any risks involved with regards to any decision they make and would also discuss this with my manager. A workers personal view should not influence an individuals choices as everyone is an individual in their own right and and therefore should be able to make their own choices as their interests would be different to a workers. I would support an individual to question or challenge any decision made by others by giving the individual full information with regards to that decision in an unbiased manner, if the individual wanted to make any changes with that decision then I would discuss this with my manager and use agreed risk assessment processes to enable the individual to make those changes.

Promote individuals' well-being

Individual identity and self esteem are linked with well-being as everyone has their own interests and what one person may find interesting another person may not find interesting, for example, if a person is religious and attends church they find that this is part of their identity and promotes their own self esteem as they may feel they are doing their service to God. Another person may not believe in God and find attending church boring, therefore they may feel that they are being pressured into a belief that they disagree with, therefore taking away the psychological identity of an individual. Other aspects relating to well-being may include spiritual, emotional, cultural, social and political.
Attitudes and approaches that are likely to promote an individual's well-being include listening to and treating an individuals decision with respect and enabling them to implement these into the everyday life, after giving the individual all information available in an unbiased manner, for example, if an individual decided that they wanted to attend church then no matter what my own opinions on this matter may be, I would help the individual to attend church and if necessary attend church with them.
Author jmarkie77
Forums Member
#2 | Posted: 18 Jan 2012 01:44
Please use these for reference only - you are signing to say your work is your own and people work in different sectors of health and social care
Author samanthanatasha
Forums Member
#3 | Posted: 9 Oct 2012 14:20
this was a massive help thanks
Author marieswallow
Forums Member
#4 | Posted: 1 Apr 2014 23:05
Really need help on the warren and cara study case really stuck plz help
Author sam christian
Forums Member
#5 | Posted: 15 Jan 2016 22:01
thank u so much this has really help me ive really been stuck
Author SusanaB
Forums Member
#6 | Posted: 18 Mar 2016 19:40
I need some help. I'm confused with informal choices. They are asking to give two examples of informal choices service users can make?
Author Caterpillar
Forums Member
#7 | Posted: 21 Mar 2016 07:27

An interesting concept….I looked up 'informal' and it states "casual,easy,familiar,relaxed, simple, unofficial" to name a few. I wonder if this is of any help….so think about choice in the context of the above words. In your workplace this might be the choice of where to sit, what to drink, times of getting up, going to bed, do people have a choice who supports them…..

Just some thoughts which I hope will be helpful.


Author SusanaB
Forums Member
#8 | Posted: 24 Mar 2016 13:19
Thank you for your help
Author poppyamber
Forums Member
#9 | Posted: 2 Apr 2016 21:21
Give an example of when an individual's choice did not appear appropriate and explain what you did about it
Author mmarsden
Forums Member
#10 | Posted: 11 Jul 2016 15:03
hi can anyone help as I am on level 2 unit 207,task c case studies I am stuck on the best way of wording ci cii ciii civ cv I would be grateful if anyone can help
Author Caterpillar
Forums Member
#11 | Posted: 17 Jul 2016 16:19
Can you detail the questions as this would be helpful to see them

Many thanks

Author Ellie elz
Forums Member
#12 | Posted: 19 Feb 2017 00:30
**help please im stuck** Explain how to promote the understanding and use of active participation
Author steadysue
Forums Member
#13 | Posted: 19 Feb 2017 08:16
Think about how you support your service users to do things like getting dressed, making choices about what to wear, eat, where to go, what activities they want to do and so on.
Things like verbally encouraging them to get dressed, prompting them when they wash, using different communication methods so they can make choices, etc.
Explain what you do, use some real examples.
Health & Social Care level 2 & 3 Forum W&P Care Training Forums / Health & Social Care level 2 & 3 Forum / My answers to level 2 section 026
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