Contribute to health and safety in health and social care
Understand own responsibilities, and the responsibilities of others, relating to health and safety in workplace
Legislation that relates to health and safety includes, amongst others, the Health and Safety at work Act 1974, Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 and Health and Safety (Enforcing Authority) Regulations 1998.
The general roles and responsibilities of health and safety policies and procedures agreed with my organisation for colleagues include:
* Having a personal and collective responsibility to promote safe working practices and maintain a healthy, safe and secure workplace
* Having a responsibility to ensure that they have an awareness of and comply with the organisations health and safety policy
* Having an awareness of health and safety risks they face and the actions they should take to mitigate those risks
For management the roles and responsibilities include:
* Ensuring that health and safety objectives,targets, processes and procedures are established and communicated throughout the organisation to all colleagues
*Ensure that clear accountibility is established for health and safety throughout the organisation
According to the DirectGov website the main health and safety responsibilities of ones self include:
* to take reasonable care of your own health and safety if possible avoid wearing jewellery or loose clothing if operating machinery
* if you have long hair or wear a headscarf, make sure it's tucked out of the way (it could get caught in machinery)
* to take reasonable care not to put other people - fellow employees and members of the public - at risk by what you do or don't do in the course of your work
* to co-operate with your employer, making sure you get proper training and you understand and follow the company's health and safety policies
* not to interfere with or misuse anything that's been provided for your health, safety or welfare
* to report any injuries, strains or illnesses you suffer as a result of doing your job (your employer may need to change the way you work)
* to tell your employer if something happens that might affect your ability to work (eg becoming pregnant or suffering an injury) - your employer has a legal responsibility for your health and safety, they may need to suspend you while they find a solution to the problem, but you will normally be paid if this happens
* if you drive or operate machinery, to tell your employer if you take medication that makes you drowsy - they should temporarily move you to another job if they have one for you to do
The main health and safety responsibilities of the employer include:
* make the workplace safe
* prevent risks to health
* ensure that plant and machinery is safe to use, and that safe working practices are set up and followed
make sure that all materials are handled, stored and used safely
* provide adequate first aid facilities
* tell you about any potential hazards from the work you do, chemicals and other substances used by the firm, and give you information, instructions, training and supervision as needed
* set up emergency plans
* make sure that ventilation, temperature, lighting, and toilet, washing and rest facilities all meet health, safety and welfare requirements
* check that the right work equipment is provided and is properly used and regularly maintained
* prevent or control exposure to substances that may damage your health
* take precautions against the risks caused by flammable or explosive hazards, electrical equipment, noise and radiation
* avoid potentially dangerous work involving manual handling and if it can't be avoided, take precautions to reduce the risk of injury
* provide health supervision as needed
* provide protective clothing or equipment free of charge if risks can't be removed or adequately controlled by any other means
* ensure that the right warning signs are provided and looked after
* report certain accidents, injuries, diseases and dangerous occurrences to either the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) or the local authority, depending on the type of business
The main health and safety responsibilities of others include abiding by the health and safety policies of the organisation and various health and safety acts.
Tasks that should not be carried out without special training include use of equipment, first aid, administering medication, health care procedures, and, food handling and preparation.
In order to access additional support and information relating to health and safety I would refer to my line manager, the policies and procedures supplied by my organisation and access any government based websites.
Understand the use of risk assessments in relation to health and safety
It is important to assess health and safety hazards posed by the work setting or by particular activities in order to prevent risk of injury to oneself, fellow colleauges and service users.I would report any potential health and safety risks that have been identified immediately to my line manager both verbally and by written report if necessary.
Risk assessment can help address dilemnas between rights and health and safety concerns as the risk assessment will highlight a risk, therefore if there is any dilemna as to whether the client could carry out an activity, as they may be legally entitled to, there will be legal documentation to state that an employee has notified the client of the risks involved in that activity.
Understand procedures for responding to accidents and sudden illness
An accident could be described as an unintentional incident which could possibly have an adverse effect on a persons wellbeing, initiated from outside the human body, whereby there may be some initial warning. Some of these incidences can include a slip, trip, fall, burn or cut. A sudden illness can be described as an incident that occurs without warning, from within the human body, for example, a stroke or heart attack.
If an accident or sudden illness occurs then policies and procedures to follow include making the situation safe if possible, treating my casuality if possible, as I'm a first aider, reporting any accidents etc that occur in the health and safety at work/accident book and reporting these to my supervisor or manager. In general I would follow all organisational and legal policies in place.
Move and handle equipment and other objects safely.
The legislation that relates to moving and handling is the Health and Safety at work act 1974. It is important that all risk assessments are carried out on the individual or object before hand. You must bend your knees and not your back, hold objects to your chest and do not lift anything above the weight that is specified by your employer. In my role as a volunteer at ... I lift items of very little weight except from time to time I will lift tables in the setting up of the drop in which is always carried out by two people in order to evenly distribute the weight.
How to handle hazardous substances and materials
Some hazardous substances and materials that may be found in the workplace may include electrical equipment, hot water, chemical substances hazardous to health, soiled linen, various detergents etc., needles and other residents and people.
Hazardous substances should always be stored in their correct containers and should be clearly labelled. They should always be used only by people who are properly trained to use these substances and trained people should use these in the manner that they have been trained to use these substances, they should be disposed of in the correct manner and using correct storage containers that they are due to be disposed in.
How to promote fire safety in the work setting
Some practices that prevent fires from starting include not allowing rubbish and combustible waste to accumulate or bins to overflow, check electrical equipment and wiring regularly, not decanting or using flammable materials near a naked flame. Some practices that prevent fires from spreading include raising the alarm ASAP, not messing with fire fighting equipment, never leave doors open or obstructed, only fighting the fire if it is safe to do so and following all organisational policies. Clear evacuation routes should be kept clear at all times because if these are blocked then a persons route to safety may be blocked resulting in possible injury or death in the event of a fire.
Implementing security measures in the work setting
I would use agreed ways of working to check the identity of anyone requesting access to the work premises or information, by checking in any diaries available, or with line managers, anyone who has an appointment that day, as well as referring to all organisational and legal policies that may be in force. If I was in any doubt whatsoever, I would refuse access and refer any situation whereby an individual was requesting any access or information to my line manager. I would also treat the individual requesting access to premises and/or information with respect and telephone their employer to validate that they are who they say they are. It is important to ensure that others known their own whereabouts so that they know the nearest exit in case of a fire or some other emergency where the building had to be evactuated.
Know how to manage own stress
Indicators and common signs of stress can include headaches, tense muscles, aches of body muscles, increase in smoking as well as reduced ability to concentrate and becoming irate. Some circumstances that tend to trigger my own stress include people contradicting me when I'm correct in what I'm saying or doing and when people badmouth things or people I like or love. The ways I tend to manage my own stress include accepting what other people are saying or doing (whether they be right or wrong), taking myself out of the situation and talking to people who are not in the situation or have nothing to do with the situation.